erlang 虚机CPU 占用高排查

-问题起因

近期线上一组服务中,个别节点服务器CPU使用率很低,只有其他1/4。排除业务不均,曾怀疑是系统top统计错误,从 Erlang调度器的利用率调查  找到通过erlang:statistics(scheduler_wall_time) 查看服务器CPU低的机器调度器实际的CPU利用率很高接近100%,而其他机器都不到30%。

分析不同业务服务,发现只有在node 中进程数采用调度器CPU利用低这个问题。

– 高利用率

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– 低利用率

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-Whatsapp 案例

erlang方面能找到案例不多,幸运的发现whatsapp 给出了类似案例详细的分析:

First bottleneck showed up at 425K. System ran into a lot of contention. Work stopped.
Instrumented the scheduler to measure how much useful work is being done, or sleeping, or spinning.
Under load it started to hit sleeping locks so 35-45% CPU was being used across the system but the schedulers are at 95% utilization.
      whatsapp 在单机425K连接时遇到瓶颈,虚机实际只35~45%cpu却给系统造成了95%的cpu。
文中没有提到具体细节,关于scheduler:
1. +swt low  Set the scheduler wake up threshold to low because schedulers would go to sleep and would never wake up
2. 设置进程优先级为实时  Run BEAM at real-time priority so that other things like cron jobs don’t interrupt schedule. Prevents glitches that would cause backlogs of important user traffic
3. 禁用spin( patch beam)Patch to dial down spin counts so the scheduler wouldn’t spin,+ssct 1 (via patch; scheduler spin count)

 

-工具分析

通过微博私信,请教了下郑思瑶,推荐VTune分析,推测是大量进程时调度器消耗过大。

通过Intel 官方网站,填写注册信息,会立即回复邮件下载地址,并给30天试用期。

速度很慢,建议挂着VPN下载;VTune 的linux版本命令行模式使用很简单:

tar -zxf vtune_amplifier_xe_2015.tar.gz

cd vtune_amplifier_xe_2015

./install.sh

cd /opt/intel/vtune_amplifier_xe_2015.1.0.367959/

 source amplxe-vars.sh

 amplxe-cl -collect lightweight-hotspots -run-pass-thru=–no-altstack -target-pid=1575

 amplxe-cl -report hotspots

可直接线上执行,不影响服务正常运行,得到如下结果:

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Summary
-------
Elapsed Time:       19.345
CPU Time:           182.023
Average CPU Usage:  9.155
CPI Rate:           1.501

Function                                     Module              CPU Time:Self
-------------------------------------------  ------------------  -------------
sched_spin_wait                              beam.smp                   72.754
raw_local_irq_enable                         vmlinux                    19.282
process_main                                 beam.smp                   10.476
ethr_native_atomic32_read                    beam.smp                    8.337
func@0xffffffff8100af60                      vmlinux                     3.007
__pthread_mutex_lock                         libpthread-2.12.so          2.342
raw_local_irq_restore                        vmlinux                     1.973
__sched_yield                                libc-2.12.so                1.913
pthread_mutex_unlock                         libpthread-2.12.so          1.553
__audit_syscall_exit                         vmlinux                     1.192
system_call                                  vmlinux                     1.156
erts_thr_yield                               beam.smp                    1.114
handle_delayed_dealloc                       beam.smp                    0.977
update                                       beam.smp                    0.828
raw_local_irq_enable                         vmlinux                     0.780
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可以看到sched_spin_wait占用了 40% 的CPU时间

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#define ERTS_SCHED_SPIN_UNTIL_YIELD 100
2121 static erts_aint32_t
2122 sched_spin_wait(ErtsSchedulerSleepInfo *ssi, int spincount)
2123 {
2124     int until_yield = ERTS_SCHED_SPIN_UNTIL_YIELD;
2125     int sc = spincount;
2126     erts_aint32_t flgs;
2127
2128     do {
2129     flgs = erts_smp_atomic32_read_acqb(&ssi->flags);
2130     if ((flgs & (ERTS_SSI_FLG_SLEEPING|ERTS_SSI_FLG_WAITING))
2131         != (ERTS_SSI_FLG_SLEEPING|ERTS_SSI_FLG_WAITING)) {
2132         break;
2133     }
2134     ERTS_SPIN_BODY;
2135     if (--until_yield == 0) {
2136         until_yield = ERTS_SCHED_SPIN_UNTIL_YIELD;
2137         erts_thr_yield();
2138     }
2139     } while (--sc > 0);
2140     return flgs;
2141 }
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默认spincount = 10000,但每次都有atom 读操作,原子操作一般几十到几百CPU周期,导致这个忙等待 实际执行完的话会很长。

同时也找到对应的配置:

+sbwt none|very_short|short|medium|long|very_longSet scheduler busy wait threshold. Default is medium. The threshold determines how long schedulers should busy wait when running out of work before going to sleep.

启动参数:+sbwt none 即可见spin彻底关掉,而不必像whatsapp patch beam解决。

 

同时strace 系统调用比较:

利用率高机器:

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% time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
 34.07    0.022954           0     49747           writev
 33.15    0.022336           0     58925     11806 recvfrom
 21.04    0.014176           1     14558      2394 futex
  8.37    0.005636           0     24722         4 epoll_ctl
  2.71    0.001828           0      6947           epoll_wait
  0.30    0.000199          10        19           munmap
  0.24    0.000164           0       612           sched_yield
  0.12    0.000078          16         5           mmap
  0.00    0.000000           0         4           close

利用率低机器:

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% time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
 86.38   13.138511         307     42838      7218 futex
  6.91    1.050431          12     90659           writev
  5.70    0.866909          13     69221     25351 recvfrom
  0.54    0.082772           9      9307           sched_yield
  0.43    0.065219           1     50157           epoll_ctl
  0.01    0.002220          34        66           munmap
  0.01    0.001092           1       815           epoll_wait
  0.00    0.000675          20        34           mmap
  0.00    0.000612          19        32        32 connect
  0.00    0.000564           9        64           fcntl
  0.00    0.000529          17        32           getsockname
  0.00    0.000457          14        32           getsockopt
  0.00    0.000341          11        32           socket
  0.00    0.000127          16         8           read
  0.00    0.000109           3        32           bind
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两次strace 时间不同,可通过writev比例看出,第二次futex量要快高一倍,调度器线程切换较为严重

erlang 虚机CPU 占用高排查
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