html table表格固定头部(thead)效果

<html lang="zh-CN" class=""><head>
     

    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>CodePen Demo</title>
     
    <style>
  .table-container {
    width: 50%;
    height: 200px;
    border: solid 1px #cccccc;
    margin: 10px auto;
    background: #FFF;
    -webkit-transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
            transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
    position: absolute;
    top: 50%;
    left: 50%;
    padding-top: 50px;
    overflow: hidden;
  }
  
  .table-container-inner {
    overflow-x: hidden;
    overflow-y: auto;
    height: 100%;
  }
  
  .table-header-fixed {
    width: 100%;
    background: #FFF;
    overflow-x: hidden;
    overflow-y: auto;
  }
  
  th, td, span {
    text-align: left;
  }
  
  
  th span {
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    width: 100%;
    display: block;
    line-height: 50px;
    border-left: solid 1px #3a84ac;
    border-bottom: solid 1px #cccccc;
    padding-left: 5px;
    margin-left: -5px;
    font-weight: 400;
    letter-spacing: 1px;
    color: #FFF;
    background: #549DC5;
  }
  
   
   
    </style>
  
    
  
  </head>
  
  <body>
    <div class="container" role="main">
    <center>
      <h1>CSS - Fixed Header With Variable Width Table</h1>
    </center>
    <div class="table-container">
      <div class="table-container-inner">
        <table class="table-header-fixed">
          <thead>
            <tr>
              <th>
                <span>First</span>
              </th>
              <th>
                <span>Second</span>
              </th>
              <th>
                <span>Third</span>
              </th>
              <th>
                <span>Forth</span>
              </th> 
            </tr>
          </thead>
          <tbody>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second222222222222222222222222222</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>          
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td  data-col="first">First</td>
              <td  data-col="second">Second</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Third</td>
              <td  data-col="third">Forth</td>
            </tr>
          </tbody>
        </table>
      </div><!-- /fixed-table-container-inner -->
    </div><!-- /fixed-table-container -->
  </div><!-- /container --> 
  
  
  </html>

 

第2种方法:

在包含table的页面添加以下css即可

table thead {
  display:table;
  width: 100%;
  background-color: lightblue;
  position: fixed;
}
table{
  table-layout:fixed;
}

方法3在包含table的页面添加以下css即可(目前最好的方案)

table {
  text-align: left;
  position: relative;
  border-collapse: collapse; 
  }
 
 
   thead th {
     text-align: center;
   }
  th {
   
  position: sticky;
  background-color: #fff;
  top: 0; /* Don't forget this, required for the stickiness */
   
  }

 

可参考 https://dev.to/jennieji/so-hard-to-make-table-header-sticky-14fj
同时固定列和头部https://stackoverflow.com/questions/52353159/positionsticky-cant-get-both-top-and-left-to-work
https://blog.p2hp.com/archives/7673
固定列请参考 https://blog.p2hp.com/archives/7680
注意:position: sticky 发现当 sticky 元素(祖先)容器使用了 overflow: hidden 时,sticky 就失效了。

html table表格固定头部(thead)效果
标签: